Xi Bing has been integral to Chinese weddings for centuries, but their role in lavish Guo Da Li engagement ceremonies can seem mystifying. In Singapore, wedding xi bing traditions thrive amongst Chinese communities, though Teochew xi bing and traditional guo da li cakes often differ by communities. Avoid embarrassment by learning the significances around these traditional Chinese wedding desserts, from ingredients symbolizing fertility in Chinese wedding baskets to customs for honoring the couple. This guide breaks down everything to know about xi bing origins, logistics and taboos so you can confidently participate in this meaningful ritual. Discover the significance behind these ornate gifts and why they are absolutely essential when you Guo Da Li.

What is Guo Da Li?

For centuries, the cryptic traditions of Guo Da Li have marked the commencement of Chinese marital bliss. Shrouded in mystery and secrecy, Guo Da Li serves as the official presentation ceremony between soon-to-be newlyweds and future in-laws. Translating simply as a “matrimonial rite of passage,” the ritual symbolises the merging of two families – bridging separate lives into one auspicious union celebrated by extensive gift-giving. The extravagant proceedings traditionally span multiple days, adhering to precise customs dictating everything from the number of boxes to the types of food gifts presented.

Each ornamental detail of Guo Da Li, from the Hong Bao (Red Envelopes) to the intricate dressing of the bride, conveys meaning and well-wishes for the betrothed. But make no mistake – this is not a typical Western engagement party. Only those deemed worthy may attend, and absent proper gifts and etiquette, you risk seriously offending the families involved. Forget a ring inside champagne – we’re talking lavish displays of wealth, generosity, and your ability to provide for the bride-to-be. Shrouded in obscurity, it may be, but consider this your key to unravelling the mysteries of Guo Da Li.

Traditions of Guo Da Li

The intricacies of Guo Da Li stem back over 2,500 years, though the ritual has evolved over dynasties and generations. At its core, Guo Da Li sets the stage for Chinese marital bliss. The process begins with an introductory ceremony called Wen Ming Ji (问名记), where the matchmaker formally introduces the couple to be betrothed.

The bride-to-be then prepares elaborate gifts of wedding Xi Bing such as Teochew Xi Bing and other symbolic pastries to present to her future groom and in-laws. These traditional guo da li cakes are intricately decorated traditional Chinese wedding desserts often presented in ornate Chinese wedding baskets. The next extravagant step is the 6 Ceremonies gifts, or Li Li (礼礼).

The groom showers the bride with rings, traditional Guo Da Li cakes, clothing, and jewellery during multiple visits to her family’s home, each gift more luxurious than the last. His family also brings mounds of gold jewellery, proving their son’s ability to provide for his bride. Then comes the official proposal, marked by thunderous cannon fire and an exchange of bows between the newly betrothed.

The groom finally meets his bride, and the couple shares a ceremonial cup of wine, sealing their marital union. The week-long celebration culminates with the bride formally moving into the groom’s home. As she crosses the threshold, blessings of prosperity and fertility rain down via firecrackers and red paper. Every ritual, from the number of bows to the colour red, conveys a meaning: happiness, virility, sweetness, and longevity. Understanding Guo Da Li’s symbolism transforms the gifts from lavish to priceless.

Significance of Wedding Xi Bings

In Chinese wedding traditions, no gift carries more symbolism than the ornately decorated boxes of wedding Xi Bing presented during Guo Da Li. Elaborate sugared fruits and intricately designed cookies, these edible offerings communicate blessings and well wishes for the bride and groom’s future. The word “xi” (喜) in Xi Bing conveys joy and happiness, while “bing” (饼) represents a flat cake or pastry. The lotus seed Xi Bing symbolises fertility, as the lotus produces numerous seeds. Longevity noodles promise a long-lasting marriage. Candy-coated almonds and sesame balls represent sweetness in the union. Peanuts and chestnuts convey the hope of giving birth to sons soon after the wedding.

Dates, pomegranates, and plump peaches augur fertility, while kumquats promise prosperity and abundance. The gold colour of pumpkins and persimmons suggests wealth and status. Red-dyed Xi Bings represent passion and satisfaction. These wedding Xi Bings are meticulously arranged in Chinese wedding baskets and presented in stacks of 2, 4, 6, or 8 tiers, with even numbers signifying balance and luck.

Elaborate boxes and decorative ribbons add a visual flair. The sheer variety and quantity convey the families’ sincere blessings, making Xi Bings a hallmark of any Guo Da Li. For Chinese brides and grooms, these carefully chosen pastries communicate far more than any speech or card ever could. Xi Bings encapsulate generations of marital wisdom in each thoughtfully prepared piece.

Who Gives and Receives Xi Bings

The giving and receiving of ornate Xi Bings during Guo Da Li follow traditional roles and relationships. The bride and her family must prepare and gift elaborate Xi Bings to the groom as part of the six etiquette rituals. Her family also prepares bountiful Xi Bing gifts for the groom’s parents and relatives. The groom similarly returns the favour with luxurious Xi Bings when visiting the bride’s family, presented as a sign of his family’s wealth and generosity. His parents may also send additional Xi Bings if they are unable to attend the ceremony.

Xi Bings are generally not exchanged between the bride and groom themselves during this time, as they have yet to meet formally. But the bride does present Xi Bings to the matchmaker, thanking her for facilitating the union. No matter the role, Xi Bings form the currency of goodwill during Guo Da Li, allowing both families to convey their commitment to the marriage through gifts of sweetness and plenty. The presentation and acceptance of Xi Bings honours both the giver and receiver.

Xi Bings by Chinese Communities – Hokkien, Teochew, Cantonese, Hainanese 

With so many meanings woven into each Xi Bing variety, simply defaulting to lotus mooncakes risks offending traditions. But arrive with dialect-specific gifts tailor-made to convey marital bliss? You’ll have won your in-laws’ hearts before the wedding even begins. To make it even better, Thiam Yian has the most Xi Bing available to cater to different Chinese communities.


When preparing for a Hokkien Guo Da Li ceremony, your Xi Bing selections must follow certain traditions unique to the Hokkien dialect. Foremost are two packets each of rice biscuits and sesame biscuits (米佬麻佬). These premium treats were once only affordable by the wealthy, so they represent the prosperity and good fortune destined for the couple. Also essential are two packets of round Peanut Sugee Cookies (传统福建贡糖). The circular shape signifies a perfectly balanced and fulfilling marriage.

No Hokkien celebration is complete without Ji Hong sweets (吉红糕) as well. The pink and white colours symbolise auspiciousness and longevity, with wishes for the newlyweds to enjoy a long life together filled with love. Additionally, present two packets of Hokkien prosperity candies wrapped in cheerful red paper. These consist of six candy varieties, including Mi Fang (米方), Dou Tang (豆糖), Ruan Tang (软糖), Xiang Gao (香糕), Gong Tang (贡糖), and Dou Sha Bing (豆沙饼) showering the couple with sweetness and joy.


For Teochew Guo Da Li celebrations, Xi Bing choices reflect unique traditions and symbolic meanings. When selecting your pre-wedding pastry gifts, be sure to include Teochew Xi Bing varieties that follow these guidelines:

Foremost, present two packets of sesame candy and peanut candy (芝麻花生条). These confections represent blessings of fertility and many future offspring for the couple.

Tangerine slices (大吉大利) are also essential, as tangerines signify abundant luck and prosperity in Teochew culture. You’ll need two packets of five-coloured candies (五色糖) as well, specifically Dou Gong (豆贡), Ming Tang (明糖), Lao Ma Gao (老妈糕), Dou Run (豆润) and Dou Sha Bing (豆沙饼). The variety symbolises a harmonious union filled with sweetness. For couples whose grandparents are still living, add Lao Ma Gao and Lao Gong Bing pastries to honour their elders.


For engaged couples of Cantonese descent, dragon and phoenix cakes are considered essential Xi Bing representing the perfect divine match. The mystical pairing of the dragon and phoenix symbolizes the auspicious union between the bride and groom according to Cantonese tradition. These cakes are accompanied by four-colored biscuits known as Si Se Bing (四色饼), comprised of Dou Sha Bing (豆沙饼)  in various hues and the red-tinted Hong Dou Sha (红豆沙饼) biscuits. A few sponge cakes (鸡蛋糕) typically complete the set. These customary baked goods convey wishes for a harmonious marriage between two well-matched individuals.


Hakka couples similarly receive dragon and phoenix cakes as important Xi Bing marking their divine match. However, Hakka custom also dictates that pine cakes and lotus seed cakes be included to signify fertility and prosperity for the couple’s future. The four-colored biscuits and sponge cakes accompany these for a traditional Hakka assortment. For Hakka brides and grooms, these specific Xi Bing represent a fortuitous union between perfectly paired souls.


Hainan Ginteh (海南煎堆) are thick oval-shaped cakes made from rice flour and brown sugar. Ta Yun Pian (云片糕) are thin, round pastries imprinted with auspicious cloud motifs. These two confections hold deep meaning in Hainanese culture. The Ginteh cakes and ta yun pian symbolise the tremendous wealth and prosperity destined for the newly married couple. For Hainanese brides and grooms, these are the quintessential Xi Bing gifts promising abundant fortune and riches to come.

Modern Xi Bings

While ornate pastries stay hallmarks of classic Guo Da Li, engaged couples now appreciate creative touches blending tradition with innovation. Consider cakes modeled after recognizable icons or anime characters that add modern flair, though some elders scoff. More avant-garde flavors emerge too like whimsical macarons or mango fruit tarts. Eco-conscious couples opt for towers crafted from recycled materials and natural elements. Forgo elaborate packaging for stunning naked cakes adorned with edible flowers. European chocolate truffles may better suit modern palates. Blend East and West through bite-sized Xi Bing bonbons. Though presentations remain customary, couples enjoy greater creative liberties. The well-wishes imbued in each gift persist despite novel forms. Xi Bing continues evolving for modern love stories while honoring ancient traditions.

Taboos Regarding Xi Bings 

Though Xi Bings represent the sweetness of marital bliss, certain taboos surround their preparation and presentation. Traditional Chinese numerology holds that the number four is deeply unlucky, as the pronunciation resembles the word for “death.” Thus, Xi Bings should never be given in multiples of four. Ingredients also hold superstitions – lotus seeds must be fresh, not dried or old, or the meaning of fertility blessings will turn stale. Peanuts should be avoided entirely among Hokkiens.

And never pair red beans with lotus seeds, as their names together mean “separate.” Tradition also warns against the bride sampling these symbolic treats. Superstition holds that a bride who eats the Xi Bings intended for her ceremony risks biting off her own future happiness. The rounded edges represent perfection and wholeness. By nibbling them away, a bride may foreshadow flaws or deficiencies in her upcoming marriage. By understanding Xi Bing taboos, you avoid offending tradition. Follow the guidance of matchmakers, and gift only the most auspicious and delicious treats befitting your perfect union.


Unsure where to source traditional Xi Bing pastries? Thiam Yian Confectionery provides high-quality, handmade options honoring age-old customs. Gift authentically prepared treats like Cantonese wife cakes and Hokkien peanut cookies to please families. Though intricate traditions surround Xi Bing, learning the symbolism allows participation in beautiful rituals. Tiny lotus seeds denote fertility, gold persimmons prosperity. Stacking in auspicious numbers echoes generations of wisdom. Matchmaker guidance prevents missteps, delighting in-laws. Mastering nuances takes dedication, but thoughtful Xi Bing gifts speak volumes. Convey sincere blessings through sweets that symbolize a joyous union and future happiness. Upholding time-honored traditions shows respect while looking ahead to marital bliss.

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